# Recognizing Numerical Constants

D.H. Bailey
NASA Ames Research Center
Moffett Field
CA 94035

Simon Plouffe
Centre for Experimental & Constructive Mathematics
Simon Fraser University
The advent of inexpensive, high-performance computers and new efficient algorithms have made possible the automatic recognition of numerically computed constants. In other words, techniques now exist for determining, within certain limits, whether a computed real or complex number can be written as a simple expression involving the classical constants of mathematics. These techniques will be illustrated by discussing the authors' work in recognizing Euler sums and in finding new formulas for $\pi, \pi^2 and \log^2{(2)}$, formulae that permit digits to be extracted from their expansions.